Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
- Having hormonal changes
- Having a family history of PMDD
- Experiencing a lot of stress or a traumatic life event
- Having depression or another mental health condition
|Microscopic View of Hormone Receptor|
|Menstruation causes many hormonal changes, which may play a role in PMDD.|
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- Blood tests
- Tests to check hormone levels
- Exercise throughout the week.
- Get plenty of rest.
- Eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Avoid alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine.
- Learn stress management techniques.
- Improve your sleep habits.
- Antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRIs])
- Oral contraceptives
- Nutritional supplements
- Get plenty of exercise and rest.
- Eat a well-balanced diet.
- Manage stress.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/
Women's Health.gov http://www.womenshealth.gov/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html/
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org/index%5Fe.asp
PMS and PMDD. Mass General Hospital Center for Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womensmentalhealth.org/specialty-clinics/pms-and-pmdd/ . Accessed August 14, 2012.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder.html . Updated August 2010. Accessed August 14, 2012.
Premenstrual syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated June 14, 2012. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -